Al-Fayoum Oasis

Al-Fayoum Oasis is situated about 70Km southwest of Cairo and is easy to be noted on the map due to the large lake (Lake Qaroun), which is close by.

Al-Fayoum Oasis is extremely rich in numerous archaeological sites, similar to the old City of El-Fayoum (Crocodopolis). It’s in a natural depression in the desert, connected to the River Nile by a branch called”Bahr Yousuf”, whose name was likely derived from the ancient Egyptian word”Baym”, which means sea or lake. It contains a lake known by the ancient Egyptians as”Mr-Wr”, which means”the great sea”, and in Greek, it turned to”Moris”. now, in Arabic, it’s called”Qaroun Lake”.
The word Baym was most probably the root of the word Al-Fayoum. In Ancient Egypt it was called”shedt” and it was a great city during the Middle Kingdom. Hawara Pyramid, which is believed to be one of the most interesting locations of the oasis, was the Pyramid of King Amenemhat III who ruled during the Middle Kingdom. Unfortunately, nothing is left of his huge and legendary mortuary Temple, which was called the Labyrinth.

One of the most prominent areas in Al-Fayoum Oasis is Kom Mady (Narmouthis); this is due to the remains of the old Temple of Kom Madi, which dates back to the 12th Dynasty and was dedicated to the Goddess Isis, the Goddess Renen-Wetet, and the crocodile God Sobek. There are several archaeological and historical sites that are scattered in different locations throughout the oasis; Um Al Athl (Bachias), Kom Oushim (Kranis), Batn Ahryt (Theadelphia), Philadelphia, Qaroun (Dionysius), Qasr, and others.
now the Oasis, with its lakes and sanctuaries, pristine desert areas (which includes fossil remains of world significance similar to Wadi El-Rayan and the valley of the whales and various cultural sites, plus the rural comforting atmosphere, form a stunning and unique place of adventure and beauty.

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