Egypt Travel Attractions

This is a simple guide to show you some of the most important Egypt travel attractions. We don’t include all the destinations in Egypt but the most visited by Tourists.

Alexandria City | The bride of the Meditterranean Sea

Alexandria is considered one of the most amazing Egypt travel attractions. the third-largest city in Egypt after Giza and Cairo, the 7th-largest city in Africa, and a significant economic centre. Called the” Bride of the Mediterranean” by local Egyptians. Alexandria extends around 40 km (25 mi) at the northern seacoast of Egypt along the Mediterranean. The city is a well-known and popular tourist destination and a pivotal industrial centre because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez.
Alexandria has founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It grew fast, turning a major centre of Hellenic civilisation, and replacing Memphis as Egypt’s capital during the reign of the Ptolemaic rulers who succeeded Alexander. Alexandria retained this status for nearly a millennium, through the period of Roman and Eastern Roman ( Byzantine) rule until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641 AD.
Alexandria was best known for its Great Library (the largest within the ancient world) and the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The ancient city was the intellectual and artistic centre of the ancient Mediterranean for the importance of the Hellenistic era. It had been at one time the most important city within the ancient world before being ultimately overtaken by Rome.
The city was a significant centre of early Christianity and was the centre of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, which was one of the main centres of Christianity within the Eastern Roman Empire. Once, the Coptic Orthodox Church, and thus the Orthodox Church of Alexandria both claim this ancient heritage.

Egypt Travel Attractions: Alexandria

  • The Underground Catacombs at Kom Al-Shoqafa

the Catacombs of Kom El Shuqafa are the largest and most important burial archaeological site in Egypt. They date back to the Greco-Roman period. The site was discovered accidentally at the beginning of the 20th century.
Being the most important Greco Roman necropolis in Egypt, The burials have a mixture of Pharaonic, Hellenistic, and Roman ornamental art, basics that were all common during this period in Alexandria.

  • The Library Of Alexandria

The Ancient Library of Alexandria was probably the foremost important and clearly the most big-name of the libraries of the ancient world. It flourished during Greek rule and acted as a major centre of knowledge, at least until the time of the Roman conquest of Egypt, and probably for multiple centuries subsequently. The old library was destroyed during a fire around the 1st century BC. The majestic new library was opened in 2002 genuinely near to the spot of the ancient one.

  • Pompey’s Pillar

Next to the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa is located Pompay’s pillar. The only known free-standing column in Roman Egypt is one of the largest ancient monolithic columns ever erected. The column is a pink granite cut from the ancient quarries at Aswan. The weight of the column shaft, a single piece of red granite, is estimated to be 285 tonnes. The column is 26.85 m high including its base and capital.

  • The Fort Of Qaitbay

Fort Qaitbay is considered one of the foremost important self-protective forts along the Mediterranean coast. It was a vital part of the fortification system of Alexandria within the 15th century AD.
The fort was built in front of the eastern harbour on the eastern side of Pharos Island, it was erected on the exact spot of the well-known Lighthouse of Alexandria. In the 14th century, there was a destructive earthquake and the whole structure was fully destroyed; the citadel you see now was constructed in its place.

  • The Ancient Roman Theater

It was discovered during the 1960s when a government structure was planned for this site over the remains of a Napoleonic fort that had before been destroyed. nevertheless, during excavation, the remains of the Roman theatre were found. A Polish crew was responsible for its excavation. It was the first, and so far only one discovered in a town which, according to an ancient source, formerly had four hundred of them. It’s in a general area called Kom el Dikka now, which has become the city’s largest archaeological site.

Egypt Travel Attractions In Alexandria
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Aswan City

Aswan is located in the south of Egypt and is considered a well-known destination for tourists.

Aswan was formerly pronounced Assouan or Assuan. The current name of the city was given by the Arabs. However, The Nubians called the city Dib which means” Fortress”.
In ancient Egypt, Aswan was known as “Swenett”, afterwards known as Syene. Aswan was the borderland of Ancient Egypt facing the south. t is believed the ancient name of the city also is derived from the Egyptian emblem for” trade”, or” market”.

Egypt Travel Attractions: Aswan

  • Temple Of Abusimble

The reason we include Aswan as the top destination in the Egypt main attractions category is because of The temple of Abu Simbel. Abu Simbel is 2 massive rock-cut temples within the south of Aswan city, near the border with Sudan. they’re situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser.
The complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968 on a man-made hill made up of a domed structure, high above the Aswan Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation of the temples was necessary or they might be submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the huge artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan Aswan High Dam on the River Nile. The temple complex was founded in approximately 1264 BC and the construction lasted for about 20 years, until 1244 BC. it had been referred to as the “Temple of Ramesses, beloved by Amun”.

  • Aswan High Dam

the Aswan High Dam, is the world’s largest embankment dam, which was constructed across the Nile in Aswan, between 1960 and 1970. with its capability to more control flooding, deliver increased water storage for irrigation, and generate hydroelectricity, the High dam was observed as vital to Egypt’s planned industrialization. Like the earlier accomplishment, the Aswan High Dam has had a big effect on the economy and culture of Egypt.

  • Monastery of St. Simeon

The monastery was founded in the 10th century but was demolished by Salah-al-Din in 1173 AD and was reconstructed again in the same century. The monastery contains Frescoes of Apostle in the roofless basilica.

  • Philae Temple

Philae temple is known as Egypt’s ancient centre for the cult of goddess Isis. the Temples of Philae were deified from the Pharaonic period through the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine ages with each sovereign making their own additions to the monuments.
This sacred location has dazzled tourists since the earliest Nile cruises set off from Cairo.
The temple complex was a part of UNESCO’s rescue project during the structure of the Aswan High Dam. The temples were dismantled and moved block by block from their original location on Philae Island to the nearby island, Agilika Island.

  • Aga Khan Mausoleum

The Aga Khan Mausoleum was constructed to hold the burial of Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah (1877-1957), leader of the Shi’a Islam Nizari Ismaili sect.
He’s primarily remembered for his various charitable acts, setting up educational and medical institutions throughout Africa and Asia, as well as for the influential role he played in discussions about the partition of India.
the Aga Khan frequently summered with his family in Aswan and so had a deep connection to this part of Egypt.
You can not visit the actual monument, but you are sure to spot it sitting high above the Nile’s bank.

  • The Unfinished Obelisk

Aswan’s Northern Quarry is home to the magnificent Unfinished Obelisk. The obelisk is forty-one meters long and 4 meters wide, a chunk of stone that was likely abandoned due to a crack within the rock.
It’s estimated that if completed, the obelisk would have weighed 1000 tons and would have been the largest ever hewn.
On the enclosing rock faces, you can also see multiple traces of the work of ancient stonecutters. The blocks also would have been detached from the rock by boring openings along a prescribed line, driving wedges into these, and also soaking the wedges with water to detach the block.
You can freely walk to the Northern Quarry region from Aswan’s downtown area.

  • The Elephantine Island

Elephantine Island is considered one of the most tourist attractions in Aswan city because of its sloping villages of colourful mud-brick houses and palm plantations. The layout of the island and other nearby islands in Aswan are often noticed from West Bank hillsides along the Nile River. At the southern border of Upper Egypt with Lower Nubia, the island is situated in Aswan, just downstream of the First Cataract. This region above is mentioned as Upper Egypt because it’s further up the Nile.
It is believed that the island may have received its name from the form of the rounded rocks along the banks resembling elephants. An aerial view shows that the island shape is similar to that of an elephant tusk.

Egypt Travel Attractions In Aswan

Cairo City

Cairo the capital of Egypt features a rich history of Islamic, Christian Coptic, and Jewish culture. This 2000-year-old city is additionally the most important city within the Middle East and Africa. The strategic location of Cairo resulting in three continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe provides this city its unique identity among Egypt destinations. Located along the shores of River Nile stretching up to 40 km from north to south, Cairo is additionally called Al Qahirah and is one among the foremost ancient cities of Egypt. Sightseeing sites in Cairo mainly contains churches and mosques.

Egypt Travel Attractions: Cairo

  • Saqqar And Memphis

Saqqara is an ancient cemetery located on a desert plateau near Cairo. Saqqara is highly considered one of the most important Egypt travel attractions. The main attractions of Saqqara are the Step Pyramid of King Zoser (Djoser), Pyramids of Unas-a 5th dynasty Pharaoh, and therefore the Serapeum-Greek philosopher Circle. Memphis is the oldest capital of Egypt and is located 24 km from Cairo. It was founded by King Menes (Narmer) and contains many interesting monuments. the main attraction of this site is that the 13 m long massive Statue of Rameses II that weighs 120 tones built-in fine-grained limestone. At Memphis, you can see also a Temple for Embalming the Sacred Apis Bull.

  • Churches And Mosques in Cairo

The churches in Cairo are situated within the old city of Cairo, near the ruins of Babylon fortress. The area contains one of the oldest churches in the world, such as Al-Muaallaqah (Hanging) Church, Church of Abu Sergah (St Sergius), St Barbara (Sitt Barbara) Church, Church of Abu Mina (St Mena), Church of Abu Sefein (St Macarius), and far more worth mentioning.

Islamic Cairo’s main attractions are the mosque of Al-Azhar, Amr Ibn Al-Aas (Al-Fustat), Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, Mosque of Al-Refai, Mosque of Sultan Hassan, The Blue Mosque, and therefore the Alabaster Mosque of Mohammed Ali. Cairo also has other Islamic sites. Among these is that the House of Gamal-Al-Din Al-Dhahbai, the Fortress of Salah-Al-Din, and therefore the Museum of Islamic Art (Bab Al-Khalq).

  • Pyramids Of Giza

Located on the West Bank of the Nile around 20 km southwest of Cairo city, Giza is often better said as the city of pyramids. This ancient city of Egypt is home to several impressive and luxurious ancient monuments of this world. In another word, Giza includes numerous sacred Egyptian structures and royal mortuary just like the Pyramids, the Great Sphinx, burials of the pyramid workers, and other numerous temples.

Most of the monuments at Giza are situated within the plateau region better referred to as Giza Plateau. Both the great Sphinx and Pyramid are located on the plateau. Besides, it also houses many other ancient Egyptian monuments just like the Tomb of Pharaoh Djet-a a ruler of the First Dynasty, and therefore the Tomb of Pharaoh Ninetjer-ruler of the second dynasty.

Giza Necropolis or Giza Pyramid Complex is the major sightseeing attraction of Giza Plateau. The complex is situated about 8 kilometers inland within the desert area from Giza’s old town. This complex includes the Pyramid of Khufu also called as Pyramid or Pyramid of Cheops, the Pyramid of Khafre or Chephren that’s somewhat smaller in size as compared to the great Pyramid and modest size Pyramid of Menkaure. But the most attraction of the necropolis is the Great Sphinx.

Giza also has many other ancient world attractions that are equally magnificent and fascinating. However, most of them are in eroded shape.

Egypt Travel Attractions: Cairo and pyramids of Giza

Luxor City

Luxor city is found within the Nile Valley, in the southern part of Egypt. it had been the religious and dynastic capital of the middle Kingdom and thus the New Kingdom of Egypt. From vast temples to open-air museums and from vast desert regions to the exotic beauty of the Nile make this city a significant attraction of Egypt. the primary visited sites of the town aren’t located within the town itself but across the Nile within the Valley of Kings and thus the Valley of Queens.

Egypt Travel Attractions: Luxor

  • Valley Of The Kings

The burial of the great Pharaohs of Thebes, this valley consists of many tombs displaying the religious life in ancient Egypt through the inscriptions and scenes carved on the walls and therefore the ceilings of the tombs. it’s one of the foremost remarkable archeological sites within the world.

  • Valley Of The Queens

The valley of the queens is located not far from the valley of the kings. It contains somewhat 57 tombs including the foremost splendid and outstanding tomb of Queen Nefertari.

  •  Deir El Bahary Temple

This elegant monument is found within the foothills of the Theban hills and is a masterpiece of Theban architecture. it had been a mortuary temple dedicated to Queen Hatshepsut.

  • The Colossi of Memnon

Two gigantic stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who ruled Egypt during the18th Dynasty of Egypt. Since 1350 BCE, they have stood guard at the entrance to Amenhotep’s memorial temple.

  • Luxor Museum

Luxor Museum is an archaeological museum in Luxor, located on the corniche, overlooking the east bank of the Nile. The Luxor Museum was founded in 1975. it’s a two-story structure. The range of antiquities on exhibit is way more restricted than the country’s main collections within the Egyptian Museum in Cairo; this was, yet, considered, since the museum prides itself on the standard of the pieces it has the tidied way during which they are displayed, and thus the clear multilingual labeling applied.

  • Karnak Temple

The complex is a vast open location and includes the Karnak Open Air Museum. Karnak Temple is considered to be the second most visited historical site in Egypt; only the Giza pyramid complex receives further visits.
The Karnak Temple Complex generally referred to as Karnak which comprises a huge blend of decayed temples, pylons, sanctuaries, and other structures. Construction at Karnak temple took place during the reign of pharaoh Senusret I around 2000 – 1700 BCE, and continued into the Ptolemaic era(around 305 – 30 BCE), although most of the existing structures date from the New Kingdom. The area around Karnak is believed to be the most place of worship of the 18th Dynastic Theban Triad, with the god Amun as its head. In 1979 the complex was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List along with the rest of the city.

  • Luxor Temple

The Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city of Luxor. Constructions began at Luxor temple roughly 1400 BCE. Unlike the other temples in Thebes, the Luxor temple isn’t devoted to a cult god or a deified version of the pharaoh in death. Rather, the temple is devoted to the rejuvenation of kingship; it may have been where numerous of the kings of Egypt were crowned in reality or conceptually (as in the case of Alexander the Great, who declared he was crowned at Luxor but may never have traveled south of Memphis.

Egypt Travel Attractions In Luxor. The colossi of Memnon
Photo by Jeremy Bezanger on Unsplash

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