The Valley Of The Whales

Fossils of a whale in Wadi Hitan at Al-Fayoum Oasis
AhmedMosaad, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Valley Of The Whales is situated150 km southwest of Cairo and about 60 km south of Wadi El-Rian in El-Fayoum Oasis. You will need a good 4X4 car to reach this amazing place!. It is considered a protected area and has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 2005.
The area was discovered in 1936 and It is basically an open-air museum full of fossils that date back 45 million years.
The Valley is additionally distinguished by the existence of petrified, primitive whales, shark teeth, skeletons, shells, and roots of Mangroves preserved in soft rocks. Also, it contains four natural sulfuric springs, quicksand, plant groups that contain 15 species of desert plants, and about 15 types of wild mammals like the Egyptian deer, the white deer, the red fox, the fennec fox, and others. The valley also has over 100 species of migrating birds and 16 species of reptiles.

It is worth mentioning that An expedition from the University of Michigan discovered a large walking whale around 44 million years old!. The University also had done some earlier digging there in the years 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, and 1993, during which time some 400 sirenian skeletons and archdiocese were found and mapped.
According to scientists at the University of Michigan, This walking whale once had feet and used to wander around on the shore before getting into the water. This oldest and most primitive walking whale had first been unearthed in Pakistan and was named Pakicetus which lived 50 million years ago. However, this is the first time this kind of whale has ever been discovered in any part of Africa.

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